Truth and Reconciliation

This outline is currently being researched and written, this page is not indexed on the menu but will be when the PDF’s for each chapter are completed and uploaded.

C1: The Tribes of Canada

Starting from the East moving West I look at the pre history of the tribes inhabiting what is now Canada circa 1500. Brief outlines of the 10 main linguistic / tribal groups. When possible their migration is outlined, unique aspects of their culture and how they interacted with the founding tribes of Modern Canada, the English and the French.

C2: The Geology of Canada

It is impossible to understand Canada, its history and its people if you do not understand the geology of Canada. Vast expanses of exposed rock and semi frozen muskeg. For millennia Canada was under ice, then under water, then a thousand years to recover before people could survive here. No Tribal people were in place anywhere for long due to ice, drought, famine, flooding, volcanic activity, extinction and warfare between tribes. Largely not suitable for human habitation, with a usable land mass akin to the area of France and England combined with 95% of our population within 100 miles of the US border for very good reasons.

C3: The First Immigrants 500 to 1500 BC

While there are no written records, there is plenty of evidence of a short brutish life filled with warfare, torture, slavery and cannibalism. Much like Europe and the rest of the world at the time.

The history of Canadian Tribal peoples goes back a few thousand years, as does European settling of North America. This essay looks at the early migrations to the latter of the Plains Cree to the Mohawk into Canada in the late 1800 for similar but different reasons.

C4: Kebec and First Nations

With one exception we never made treaties with nations, we made treaties with tribes, this essay looks at the treaties and puts them in the context of the development of the concept of the nation. The first nations developed in Europe from 1750 to 1850. Many scholars have noted the role of printing in the development of the nation state. Lacking a written identity the tribal peoples of Canada had no concept of themselves as a nation, and were therefore not capable of the thought without the appropriation of the idea from Europeans.

European Diseases

Putting aside the fact that there are no such thing as European Diseases, I struggle to think of a scenario where tribal people would not have been damaged from first contact with Smallpox and Influenza. When these diseases first encountered Asia, Europe and Africa they killed 40% of the Asian, European and African populations, how are tribal people in North America different? This essay looks at the history of disease and the sad, almost identical common history that Indians and Europeans share.

C5: The rights of Indians vs Settlers

Canada is a divided country, divided by an apartheid. The Indians with more powers and the settlers with less. In the eyes of the courts they have always been equal but with distinct and special rights for Indians. This essay looks at this uniquely Canadian apartheid

Land Claims

Canadians have paid out over 19 Billion dollars in land claims since 1970 to various bands. Most are shrouded in secrecy and poorly managed by tribal chiefs with no democratic accountability to their people. They are essentially payments to third world petty dictators who exploit their people, and sell of resources cheap.

Making tribal cultures illegal

Non Democratically elected Chiefs, the ritualized child torture of the Sun Dance, the debt bondage and murder of the Pot-latch, slavery as a way of life for a quarter of the population and cannibalism, yes the culture of the tribal people of Canada was made illegal. Thank goodness it was. This essay looks at the dismal state of many cultures in the 1400 and 1500’s. The tribal people of Canada were for the most part as ignorant and cruel as the tribal people of Europe. Thank goodness it is behind us and lets have no romanticism.

Indian Slavery of Indians

Slavery amongst Canadian Indians was widespread and despite propaganda to the contrary was not a kind and gentle form of slavery. It was enforced with torture and humiliating to those enslaved. This essay looks into and speculates on the effect of inter generational trauma on the survivors of Indian slavery and how the effects of ritual torture, the humiliation of servitude and forced sexual confinement affects the psyche of a people.

C6: Perpetually Aggrieved

Murdered and Missing

The numbers do not add up, yes tribal women are murdered and yes they go missing, but statistically not in numbers that are any different from the the rest of the population. This essay looks at the numbers.

Residential Schools

Yes we had institutional care for the huge numbers of abandoned tribal children. And yes tuberculosis was widespread in Canada in the 30’s to the 60’s for all Canadians, and yes we created schools for tribal children. It was a treaty requirement insisted upon by tribal chiefs. From 1850 to 1950 we had institutions for children with down syndrome, WW1 and WW2 war vets suffering from PTSD, Mental patients, Delinquent children, Abandoned children, and yes tribal children who were born into the stone age and were struggling to come into the radio age. This essay looks at the history of the how and why of residential schools

Cultural Genocide

Culture is fluid, it changes. If you look at any culture from the 1400s it had been killed off by the culture of the 1600’s and that culture was killed off by the culture of the 1800’s, and so it is with the culture of the new millennium. Every culture, of every people, everywhere is a victim of Genocide. When Indians cry out in despair, they are crying a universal cry for all humanity. They are not unique. This essay looks at the change in all cultures over the last 500 years.

Cultural Appropriation

It is no coincidence that the word appropriate, mean suitable for an occasion and make use of…the same word.

adjective: Suitable for a particular person, occasion, or place; fitting.
transitive verb: To set apart for a specific use.
transitive verb: take possession; make use of exclusively for oneself, often without permission.

And the reason is that Appropriation of another culture is always appropriate. This essay looks at the twisted logic of those who scream cultural appropriation.

C7: Aboriginal

What does it mean to be aboriginal, who is, and who is not. In a world with a population of 500 million people, the term had meaning, in a world of 10 billion people can we afford the luxury of defining one race a badge of superiority over another. Is Aboriginal just another word for racism? Is it obsolete and offensive or is it more important today than ever before? South East Asians, Indonesians, Burmese Buddhists, Chinese, Nazi’s, Saudi’s, Africans, Europeans, and North American Indians all claim aboriginal title. Are they right? Are Euro Canadians naive to to try to develop a multicultural state?