Epstein-Barr virus posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder: update on management and outcomes
Julian Lindsay, Jad Othman, Madeleine R Heldman, Monica A Slavin
PMID: 34751183 PMCID: PMC8589110 (available on 2022-12-01)
Purpose of review: Management of Epstein-Barr virus posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (EBV PTLD) is complex, involving risk stratification, prevention and/or preemptive measures involving monitoring EBV DNAemia and balancing treatment options, using a combination of reduction of immune suppression, anti-B cell therapy, and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs).
Recent findings: …In solid organ transplantation (SOT), the incidence of PTLD is highest among EBV seronegative recipients who are at risk for primary EBV infection following transplant in the first 12 months. Prevention is a critical component of the management of EBV PTLD. Although preemptive therapy remains standard of care, there continues to be heterogenicity and debate over the optimal choice of EBV DNA quantification and the threshold to use.
Novel therapies such as donor-derived multipathogen and EBV specific CTLs for the prevention and third party CTLs for the treatment of EBV PTLD are promising, with rapidly expanding evidence, including large scale Phase III trials currently underway.
Summary: With an increasing number of risk groups for developing EBV PTLD in SOT, management strategies using prophylaxis or preemptive therapy remain standard of care, however the use of prophylactic or preemptive EBV specific or multipathogen CTLs show promising results and safety profiles.